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A ShortCourse Book
Canon PowerShot G2 Photography

Canon PowerShot G2 Photography

Canon Powershot G2

This clearly written and easy-to understand short course on your Canon Powershot G2 explains step-by-step how, why and when you use your camera's controls for better pictures. This guide is available as a traditional 108 page large-format (8.5 by 11) spiral bound book printed in black and white, and as a full-color, fully searchable PDF eBook you can order on a CD or download instantly.

 

Introduction

New, a Short Courses digital photography book for people who own the Canon PowerShot G2 digital camera and want to get better pictures. This beautifully written and illustrated guide, drawing on the much more comprehensive information on the ShortCourses Web site, pulls together answers to the questions you might have about using the Canon G2, including the following:
 
  • Taking Pictures in Auto Mode
  • Using Dials and Buttons
  • Using Menus
  • Managing Your Images
  • Giving a Slide Show
  • Selecting Image Size
  • Selecting Image Compression
  • Selecting JPEG or RAW File Format
  • Changing Exposure Modes
  • Using Image Zone Modes
  • Using Program AE
  • Selecting a Shutter Speed
  • Selecting an Aperture
  • Using Manual Mode
  • Switching Between Spot and Non-Spot Metering
  • Choosing Evaluative or Center-Weighted Metering
  • Using Exposure Compensation
  • Using AE LOCK
  • Using Program Shift
  • Using Autoexposure Bracketing (AEB)
  • Displaying Histograms
  • Using Histograms
  • Using the Self-timer/Remote Control
  • Changing the ISO
  • Increasing Sharpness of Moving Objects
  • Using AF Frames
  • Using Single or Continuous Autofocus
  • Using Focus Lock
  • Using Manual Focus
  • Linking Spot Metering to the AF Frame
  • Using Focus Lock for Maximum Depth of Field
  • Increasing Depth of Field
  • Using Focus Lock for Minimum Depth of Field
  • Decreasing Depth of Field
  • Capturing Creative Blur
  • Adjusting White Balance
  • Zooming the Lens
  • Turning Digital Zoom On and Off
  • Using Digital Zoom
  • Using Auto Flash
  • Combating redeye
  • Using Fill Flash
  • Turning the Flash Off and On
  • Using Slow Sync Flash
  • Using Flash Exposure Lock
  • Using Flash Exposure Compensation
  • Using an External Flash
  • Taking Macro Close-ups
  • Increasing depth of Field in Close-ups
  • Shooting Panoramic Sequences
  • Using Color Effects
  • Using Continuous Mode
  • Choosing a Continuous Mode
  • Capturing Movies
  • Playing Back Movies
  • Preparing Print Sets
  • Adjusting Contrast, Sharpness, and Saturation
  • Using The Set up Menu
  • Managing Image Files


The book is designed to work with the on-line books on the www.shortcourses.com site. The book explains how to get better pictures but you'll find more on that subject on the site. In addition, there is lots of information on the site about what you can do with your pictures after you've taken them.

Contents

Chapter 1
Getting Started With Your Canon G2

The PowerShot G2—An Overview
Jump Start: Taking Photos in Auto Mode
Good Things to Know
When Things Go Wrong
Using Dials and Buttons
Using Menus
Using Replay Mode
Giving Slide Shows
Selecting Image Quality and Size

Chapter 2
Controlling Exposure

Understanding Exposure
Choosing Exposure Modes
Using Image Zone Modes
Using Program AE Mode
Using Shutter-Priority (Tv) Mode
Using Aperture-Priority (Av) Mode
Using Manual Mode
How Your Exposure System Works
How Exposure Affects Your Images
When Automatic Exposure Works Well
When to Override Automatic Exposure
How to Override Automatic Exposure
Using Histograms

Chapter 3
Controlling Sharpness

Getting Sharper Pictures
Sharpness Isn't Everything
How to Photograph Motion Sharply
Focus and Depth of Field
Focusing Techniques
Controlling Depth of Field
How to Get Maximum Depth of Field
Selective Focus: When You Don't Want Everything Sharp
Conveying the Feeling of Motion

Chapter 4
Capturing Light & Color

Where Does Color Come From?
White Balance
Color Balance and Time of Day
Sunsets and Sunrises
Photographing at Night
Weather
The Direction of Light
The Quality of Light

Chapter 5
Understanding Lenses

Zoom Lenses
Normal Zoom
Wide-Angle Zoom
Telephoto and Digital Zoom
Portraits with a Zoom Lens
Perspective in a Photograph
Canon Lens Converters

Chapter 6
Using Automatic Flash

How Automatic Flash Works
Portraits with Flash
Using Fill Flash
Using Available Light
Using Slow Sync Flash
Controlling Flash Exposures
Using an External Flash

Chapter 7
Exploring Close-up Photography

Macro Mode
Focusing and Depth of Field
Exposures and Backgrounds
Arranging Lighting
Using Flash in Close-ups

Chapter 8
Special Features

Panoramas: Stitch Assist Mode
Color Effects
Continuous Photography
Capturing Movies
Preparing Print Sets
Controlling Sharpness, Contrast, and Saturation
Using the Set Up Menu
Image File Management


Preface

A great photograph begins when you recognize a great scene or subject. But recognizing a great opportunity isn't enough to capture it; you also have to be prepared. A large part of being prepared involves understanding your camera well enough to capture what you see. Getting you prepared to see and capture great photographs is what this book is all about. It doesn't matter if you are taking pictures for real-estate ads or self-expression, there's a lot here to help you get better results and more satisfaction from your photography.

To get better, and possibly even great photographs, you need to understand both concepts and procedures; the "whys" and "hows" of photography.

  • Concepts of photography are the underlying principles that apply regardless of the camera you are using. They include such things as how sharpness and exposure affect your images and the way they are perceived by viewers. Understanding concepts answers the "why" kinds of questions you might have about photography.
  • Procedures are those things specific to one kind of camera, and explain step-by-step how you set your camera's controls to capture an image just the way you want to. Understanding procedures gives you the answers to the "how" kinds of questions you might have.
This book is organized around the concepts of digital photography because that's how photographers think. You think about scenes and subjects, highlights and shadows, softness and sharpness, color and tone. The procedures you use with the Canon PowerShot G2 camera are integrated throughout the concepts, appearing in those places where they apply. This integrated approach let's you first understand the concepts of photography and then see step by step how to use the Canon PowerShot G2 in all kinds of photographic situations.

To get more effective, interesting, and creative photographs, you only need to understand how and when to use a few simple features on your camera such as focus, exposure controls, and flash. If you've previously avoided understanding these features and the profound impact they can have on your images, you'll be pleased to know that you can learn them on a weekend afternoon. You can then spend the rest of your life marveling at how their infinite variety of combinations makes it possible to convey your own personal view of the world. You'll be ready to keep everything in a scene sharp for maximum detail or to blur it all for an impressionistic portrayal. You'll be able to get dramatic close-ups, freeze fast action, create wonderful panoramas, and capture the beauty and wonder of rainbows, sunsets, fireworks, and nighttime scenes.

As you explore your camera, be sure to have fun. There are no "rules" or "best" way to make a picture. Great photographs come from using what you know to experiment and try new approaches. Digital cameras make this especially easy because there are no film costs or delays. Every experiment is free and you see the results immediately so you can experiment step by step.

This book assumes you've mastered the mechanics of your camera. It's about getting great pictures, not about installing batteries and connecting your camera to your computer. That information is well presented in the user guides that came with your camera, however it is summarized in the Appendix of this book.

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