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A ShortCourse Book
Stereo Photography: 3D in the Digital Era

Stereo Photography: 3D in the Digital Era

Stereo Photography: 3D in the Digital Era<

This clearly written and easy-to understand short course on stereo photography in the digital era explains step-by-step how you view, share, capture and edit your exciting 3D images. This guide is currently available as a 244 page (8.5 by 11 inch) full-color, fully searchable PDF eBook you can order on a CD or download instantly by clicking buttons to the right.

Click here to see a PDF file with typical sample pages from the book.



Finally, an easy to read new book on Stereo Photography in the digital era. This up-to date and comprehensive book explains clearly and step-by-step how you view, display, capture and edit digital stereo images. Written for photographers new to stereo photography as well as experienced photographers who want to know more, this guide includes over 80 pages explaining the free application most photographers use to view and edit their 3D images--StereoPhoto Maker. Not only does this book show you how to capture and edit the best possible images, it also shows you how to share them digitally one on one, to small groups, and over the Internet. Available now as a full-color, fully searchable PDF eBook that you can order on a CD or download instantly.

Skim the table of contents and preface that follow to learn more about this exciting new book.


Short Courses Books and Web Site
3D and Vision
Terms you will meet

Chapter 1
Viewing 3D Photos and Movies

Introduction to Stereo Photography ...13
Stereovision—The Basis of Stereo Photography ...17
Capturing Stereo Photographs ...19
Viewing Methods ...20
  • Passive Viewing ...20
  • Active Viewing ...21
  • Autostereoscopic Viewing ...21
Viewing Effects ...23
Freeviewing Side By Side Pairs—Introduction ...25
Freeviewing Side By Side Pairs—Parallel View ...28
  • How To ...28
  • Hints & Tips ...29
  • Practice Images ...30
  • Modern Parallel Viewers ...31
Freeviewing Side By Side Pairs—Cross View ...34
  • How To ...34
  • Hints & Tips ...35
  • Practice Images ...37
Viewing Stereo Cards ...38
  • The Original Cards ...38
  • The Original Viewer ...39
Mirror Viewers ...42
Anaglyphs ...44
  • The Principles ...45
  • Standard Anaglyph Glasses ...47
  • Other Anaglyph Glasses ...48
  • Creating Anaglyphs ...49
  • Phantograms ...49
Dolby 3D ...51
  • Projectors ...51
  • Viewing Glasses ...51
Shutter Glasses ...53
Polarization ...56
  • Types of Polarization ...56
  • Projectors ...57
  • Screens ...58
  • Glasses ...58
  • Polarization with TVs and Monitors ...58
  • The Main Drawback ...59
Autostereoscopic Displays ...61
  • Parallax Barrier Displays ...63
  • Lenticular Displays ...63
  • Multiview Displays ...64
Head Mounted 3D Displays ...67
Simulated 3D—Wiggle 3D ...69
Simulated 3D—Pulfrich Effects ...71

Chapter 2
Displaying & Sharing 3D Photos and Movies

Lenticular 3D Prints ...74
  • Preparing Lenticular Images ...75
  • Printing the Images ...75
3D Digital Picture Frames ...77
Tablets and Smartphones ...78
The 3D PC ...79
  • Shutter Glass Systems ...79
  • Polarized Glass Systems ...80
3D Viewing Software on your Computer ...81
  • Stereophoto Maker ...81
  • Nvidia's 3D Vision Photo Viewer ...82
  • Stereoscopic Player ...83
The 3D TV ...84
  • The System ...84
  • Your own 3D Content ...84
  • 2D Content in 3D ...85
  • Broadcast 3D ...86
  • Blue-ray Content ...86
  • DVD Content ...86
Viewing Fuji Real 3D Still Images and Movies on the TV...87
  • Playback Buttons ...87
  • Viewing Pictures on a Standard TV ...87
  • Viewing Pictures on a 3D HD TV ...88
Sharing your Stereo Images and Movies on-line ...89
Digital Projection ...90
  • Active Systems using Shutter Glasses ...90
  • Passive Systems using Polarizing Glasses ...90
  • Giving a Show ...91
Publishing your Photos—eBooks ...94
  • Laying out a Book ...96
  • Converting to PDF ...97
  • Reading an eBook ...98
Photo Books—Having them Done ...100
  • Layout Software ...100
  • Printers ...101
  • Bindings ...101
  • Things to Consider ...102

Chapter 3
Capturing Stereo Photographs

The Technique Finder ...105
Stereo Photography—An Introduction ...108
Twin-lens 3D Cameras ...109
Single-lens Cameras ...112
  • Cha Cha Method ...112
  • Moving Vehicle Method ...112
  • Sweep Method ...113
  • Slide Bars ...113
  • Beam Splitters ...114
  • Interchangeable Lenses ...115
  • Twin Camera Rigs ...117
  • Smart Phone and Tablet Apps ...117
Capturing 3D Images—Introduction ...118
Composing Images ...119
Camera Settings ...124
Lenses ...125
Flash and ISO Settings ...126
Focusing ...128
Placing the Stereo Window ...130
  • Effects of Placing the Stereo Window ...131
  • Seeing the Stereo Window on a Fuji 3D Camera ...132
Depth of Field ...135
Adjusting Exposure ...138
  • Exposure Compensation ...138
  • Autoexposure Lock (AE Lock) ...139

Understanding the Baseline ...140
  • The 1:30 Rule ...140
  • Changing the Base ...141
  • The Common Area ...141
Changing the Baseline ...143
Adjusting the Stereo Baseline on Fuji Real 3D Cameras ...146
  • Individ Shutter 3D ...146
  • Interval 3D Shooting ...147
Hyperstereo ...149
  • Moving the Camera between Shots ...149
  • Shooting from a Moving Vehicle ...150
Hypostereo ...154
Capturing 3D Movies ...158
  • Getting Ready ...158
  • Shooting Movies ...158
  • Editing 3D Movies ...159
  • Sharing 3D Movies ...159
3D Panoramas ...160
  • Capturing Panoramas Automatically ...160
  • Capturing 3D Panoramas Manually ...160
  • Viewing 3D Panoramas ...161
Beyond the Usual ...162
  • Flatbed Scanners ...162
  • Sub-Surface Laser Etching ...163

Chapter 4
Editing your Stereo Images

Introduction to Editing Images ...165
Editing Workflow ...168
  • Preparing your Folders ...168
  • Editing your Files ...168
  • Keeping Track of Files ...169
File Types ...170
  • Still Image File Formats ...170
  • Compression ...171
Opening Images ...173
Managing the Screen Display ...176
  • Using Menus ...176
  • Using Toolbars ...176
Saving Images ...178
  • Saving a Stereo Image ...179
  • Saving an MPO File ...180
  • Saving Left and Right Images ...181
  • Saving Universal L-R-L Images ...181
  • Spheric Deformation ...182
Creating MPO Files ...183
Splitting MPO Files ...185
Aligning Images Automatically ...187
Aligning Images Manually ...188
  • Aligning Images ...188
  • Cropping Adjusted Images ...188
  • Alignment Tips and Tricks ...189
Easy Adjustment ...190
  • Rotating an Image Automatically ...191
  • Rotating an Image Manually ...193
Adjusting Color and Exposure ...194
  • Adjusting Color and Brightness Automatically ...194
  • Adjusting Color and Brightness Manually ...195
Adjusting the Stereo Window ...197
  • Ways to Adjust the Stereo Window ...197
  • Exploring the Stereo Window with SPM ...198
  • Using Adjustment View ...199
Multi Conversion ...200
Cropping Images ...204
  • Free Cropping Options ...204
  • Custom Cropping ...205
  • Fixed Size Cropping ...205
Resizing Images ...206
  • Resizing Both Images Simultaneously ...206
  • Resizing Images Individually ...206
Printing Stereo Cards ...208
  • A step-by-step Tutorial ...208
  • Stereo Card Print Setup Dialog Box ...210
Creating Anaglyphs ...212
  • Creating Anaglyphs ...212
  • Reducing Ghosting ...213
Adding a Floating Window or Fuzzy Border ...214
Displaying your Images on the Web ...216
  • Getting Ready ...216
  • Viewing the Results ...216
Making a Stereo Flash Viewer ...218
Making an HTML File from a displayed Image ...220
Making an HTML File from Image List (Window) ...222
Creating Wiggle 3Ds ...225
Creating Multiview Wiggle 3Ds ...227
Converting 2D to 3D Images ...230
Editing with Myfinepix Studio ...232
  • Managing Files ...232
  • Editing Files ...232
  • Splitting Files ...233
Uploading 3D Movies to Youtube ...234
Editing your Images in Photoshop ...236
Adjusting the Stereo Window with Photoshop ...238
Creating Anaglyphs with Photoshop ...239
Creating Wiggle 3Ds Using Photoshop ...241
Using the Stereocard Template ...242
  • Preparing the Images in Stereophoto Maker ...242
  • Preparing the Images in Photoshop ...242
  • Assembling the Stereocard in Photoshop ...243
Editing Images with Nvidia's 3D Vision Photo Viewer ...244


We are on the cusp of a new era in stereo photography. This isn't the first such era. The popularity of stereo photography has waxed and waned over the years. It was extremely popular in the 19th century when almost every home had a stereo viewer and a stack of cards with scenes from around the world. It was last popular in the 1950s when one of it's advocates, Dwight Eisenhower, was President of the United States. As an editor wrote at the time in a book on stereo photography by Peter Gowland "Everybody, but everybody, seems to have gone stereo crazy: the President of the United States, hundreds of Hollywood celebrities, practically every European traveler, even the mild-mannered, white-haired gentlemen who can be found almost every evening in the first few rows of Radio City's Music Hall shooting the shapely Rockettes. Look in any direction on a clear day and you're bound to see a handful of stereo fans clicking away."

Eventually that era passed, along with its signature tail fins and sock hops, and stereo photography has been in the photographic background for decades. It was only with the 2009 introduction of the Fuji W1 stereo camera that stereo photography moved seriously into the digital era. This camera and its successors have reinvigorated and greatly simplified what had previously been a laborious process from beginning to end.

This new era is quite different from past eras. The mass market in consumer electronics, of which the stereo camera is a part, is rushing headlong toward a 3D future. All of the necessary elements are being 3D enabled—be they cameras, TV sets, projectors, Blu-ray players, computer monitors or video cameras. Whether this is a permanent change or a passing fancy remains to be seen. Whatever the outcome, the 3D camera is no longer an isolated island, but is now mainstreamed into consumer electronics.

With so much happening all at once it's easy to get confused. The goal of this book is to sort things out for you so you can understand not just the digital stereo camera but the rest of the digital world in which it is embedded. If we talk about stereo film photography at all it's only for historical perspective. We also concentrate on the newer twin-lens digital stereo cameras, leaving esoteric two-camera combinations to others. However, much of what you learn here can be used with single-lens cameras—which are as good as twin-lens cameras when taking stereo close-ups of subjects such as flowers or distant scenes such as landscapes.

When capturing stereo images is discussed in this book it's primarily the stereo aspects of photography although we do discuss many of the basic techniques common to all forms of photography such as focus, exposure and the like. We have also included a table of techniques you might want to use when capturing stereo photos and point you to where the needed techniques are discussed in the book "Using Your Digital Camera" available in the bookstore at

As you begin your journey in stereo photography, you are following in the footsteps of some our most esteemed photographers. Many of these, especially those practicing in the 19th century, photographed in stereo extensively because there was an insatiable market for stereo cards showing wonders of the world in 3D. Early stereo photographers include the inventors of photography Henry Fox Talbot and Louis Daguerre and other well-known photographers including George N. Barnard, Felix Beato, H.H. Bennett, Charles Bierstadt, Matthew B. Brady, Roger Fenton, F. Jay Haynes, Jack L. Hillers, Thormas Houseworth, William Henry Jackson, Eadweard J. Muybridge, Timothy H. O'Sullivan, A. J. Russell, Charles R. Savage and Carleton E. Watkins. Search the Web for any of these names to see examples of their work. Although we know the work of many of these photographers, those who worked as employees of the large stereo photography publishers such as E & HT Anthony and Keystone were usually not credited so remain anonymous. Also the negatives captured by well known photographers were traded and sold so it's sometimes hard to know who took which photos.

As you read this book you will find it different from many of the stereo photography books published over the years. It is an introductory book, designed to help experienced photographers explore the field of stereo photography without getting bogged down in the scientific theories and mathematics that so many books dwell on. What you learn here should help make you a successful stereo photographer, and if you want to burrow deeper, there are many other fine books.

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